About AdraAdra is a small town in Purulia district of West Bengal. Adra was originally known for its Anglo Indian population which constitutes about 90% of the population. It is an important railway division and divisional headquarters of the Adra division of South Eastern Railway. It is one of the important coal loading divisions. The places in and around Adra had been chosen for shooting by many film directors of working for Hindi, Oriya, Bhojpuri movies and many television series. The place of high importance is also famous for its "satabdi park".
Brief History of AdraNot much is known about the history of this place. According to ancient beliefs it formed a part of Banga. British East India Company acquired Adra by obtaining the grant of Diwani of the subahs of Bengal, Bihar, Orissa in 1765. Before independence it was initially under Jungle Mahals district but later came under Manbhum. In 1956 Manbhum district was divided between Bihar and West Bengal. Adra was then announced a part of Purulia district that came into existence on November 1, 1956.
Geography and Climate of AdraAdra is located in the western part of West Bengal. It is known for its tropical location. Forming the lowest step of the Chota Nagpur Plateau it has an undulating land with scattered hills. It acts like a gateway between industrial belts of West Bengal and the hinterlands in Jharkhand, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. Adra is located in the area allowing tropical monsoon current from the Bay to pass to the subtropical parts of north-west India. It is a dry area and form a part of drought prone area of West Bengal. Adra experiences sub-tropical climate nature accompanied with high evaporation and low precipitation. The area is very hot in summers with temperatures soaring as high as 54 degrees in summers and winters are very cold with temperature dipping down to around 2 degree Celsius. Adra receives most of its rainfall from South west monsoon. The area receives average annual rainfall between 1100 and 1500 mm. In monsoons the humidity rises to 75% to 85% and falls to 25% to 35% in summers.
Population of AdraAccording to the India census of 2011, Adra had a total population of 26032 with Males constituting 52% of the population and females consisting of 48%. The average literacy rate is higher than the national literacy rate showing 73% of total population literate, among which 56% of the males and 44% of females are literate. 10% constitutes population under 6 years of age. Approximately 65% of the population are Anglo Indians which was sometimes back known to be 90% of the population.
Tourist Attractions in AdraSome of the tourist places near Adra are clay sculptures, Bishnupur known for its baluchari silk sarees and terracotta temples, Bankura, known for the 'Bankura Horse'. You can also visit "Satabdi Park" or a natural water reservoir called "Shaheb Bandh". Mohanpura Reserve Forest and Joychandi Pahar(Hill) about 5 km from Adra Railway Station are popular places for picnic, Rock Climbing, shooting films, documentaries and music albums, Sacred Heart Church is one of the oldest churches built in 1819 by the Britishers. There are also many religious places including churches, mosques, and temples. Ram Mandir, Kamala Sthan, and Balaji Mandir are few such important temples.
Transportation in AdraAdra is an important railway division. It is the divisional headquarters of the Adra division of South Eastern Railway. The town enjoys good road transport facilities. State Highway 5 connects Adra to NH2 at Neamatpur and Asansol. South Bengal State Transport Corporation runs 4 buses connecting Adra to the industrial belt of Raniganj, Asansol, Durgapur and Burdwan. A number of private bus owners also provide service in the area. Adra railway station is connected to Tatanagar on the Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line, Asansol on the Howrah-Delhi Main Line, Gomoh on the Kolkata-Delhi line and Kharagpur on the Kolkata-Chennai and Kolkata-Mumbai lines. Adra station has four platforms with number of trains passing to a number of destinations in both directions.
ADRA/Adra Junction (4 PFs)
Address: Kashipur road , Adra , Raghunathpur
Ph 03251-244213, Dist - Puruliya, West Bengal
Zone: SER/South Eastern Division: Adra
Economy and Industrialism in AdraThe economy of the town depends on its railways. It is one most important coal loading divisions supplying coal to power plants across India. The area is a gateway between the industrial belts of West Bengal and the hinterlands in Jharkhand, Orissa, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh.
Culture of AdraAdra is a cosmopolitan town with a mix of diverse cultures of India. People from different states including Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Gujrat, Tamil Nadu, Punjab, Orissa etc live in the town. Festivals like Durga Puja, Kali Puja and others are celebrated with fervor and geity in this prat of West Bengal. Viswakarma Puja is a major attraction of Adra. The streets during Puja are seen flooded with people dancing on Bollywood hots , Bhojpuri and Bengali songs. For past 100 years celebrating 31st December with lots of dancing and partying has become a culture of Adra especially among the Anglo families.
Entertainment in AdraA small town with less crowd and peace prevailing all over have a number of Tea Stalls which are known to be the hottest place here. The "Chingri Chop" , "anda chop" and "Muglai paratha" of the small stalls are very famous among the people here. Hati Park, Pump House, Food Park and Station Road are the most lively places in Adra.
Sports in AdraPeople have a great craze for sports in Adra. It is a state center for training for the Bharat Scouts and Guides. Annual Football and Cricket Events are organized by Railways. Adra has been the host of ICL Madhav Rao Scindhia Memorial Cricket Tournament.
Adra at a glanceCountry : India
State : West Bengal
District : Purulia
Languages : English, Bengali
PIN : 723121
Telephone code : 03251
Climate : Sub-tropical climate
Religion: Hinduism, Christians, Muslims